Fatwas on Vegetarianism

我在哪里可以了解更多关于伊斯兰教的知识?你能告诉我怎么祈祷吗?how to find a mosque in my area,如何进行朝圣,等??

伊斯兰教中的动物不是一个全面的伊斯兰遗址。我们的主要关注点仅仅是提供关于伊斯兰教中动物和相关主题的信息。There are many excellent Web sites that can provide you with further information on Islam,including how to become a Muslim.我们建议您从以下内容开始:

Fatwas on Vegetarianism

许多穆斯林法学家已经发布了法律裁决,表明在伊斯兰教中素食主义是被允许的。请参阅以下内容,了解穆斯林法学家的一小部分裁决。

一些关于素食主义的教义:

韩沙·尤素夫

Hamza Yusuf on eating meat (from the audio tape"莎莉的科学–点击这里to buy):

"Meat is not a necessity in Shari'ah,and in the old days most Muslims used to eat meat,if they were wealthy,就像周五的中产阶级一样。如果他们在EID上很穷的话。”"

"So traditionally Muslims were semi-vegetarians.The Prophet was,我是说,technically,the Prophet (SAWS) was in that category.He was not a meat-eater.他的大部分饭菜里没有肉。当Sayidina Umar说,“小心肉,because it has an addiction like the addiction of wine.' And the other hadith in the Muwatta—there is a chapter called ‘Bab al-Laham,' the chapter of laham,肉的一章。Both are from Sayyidina Umar.And Umar,在他的希拉法时期,prohibited people from eating meat two days in a row.He only allowed them to eat [it] every other day.哈利法有权这么做。他不让人们每天吃肉,他看到一个人每天吃肉,and he said to him,‘Every time you get hungry you go out and buy meat?Right?In other words,每次你的NAF想要肉,you go out and buy it?' He said,‘Yeah,Amir al-Mumineen,ana qaram,“在阿拉伯语中,‘qaram' means ‘I love meat'—he's a carnivore,他喜欢吃肉。And Sayyidina Umar said,“你最好把肚子卷起来一点,这样别人就可以吃了。”"

"Now Umar,如果在先知之后有先知,it would have been Umar.这真的近乎预言,那句话。Because if you study the modern meat industry,你会发现,世界上许多饥荒都是美国、加拿大和欧洲等国过度消费肉类的直接结果,因为生产1磅肉所需的谷物数量,对的,比生产谷物本身所需的量大得多。And beef in particular—I really recommend Rifkin's book Beyond Beef.这是一本非凡的书。有趣的是,“巴卡拉”也是古兰经的一章(“杀牛”),because beef-eating societies just have massive impact on the environment,on natural resources,on all these things.And traditionally the Muslims were not cow-eaters,他们吃肉的时候,是绵羊和羔羊。"

穆夫提·埃布拉希姆·德赛

穆斯林可能是素食主义者。然而,他不应认为吃肉是被禁止的。
安拉最了解。
是萨拉姆。

Sayyid Fadhlullah

Vegetarianism is halal.
肉不是强制性的。
Any food is permissible provided it is not harmful.
Muslims are free to eat whatever they want provided it is halal.

就像想吃某种水果而不是另一种。

—Summation of answer given by the Honorable Sayyid Fadhlullah during an online Q&A session,12月1日,2001

穆扎明·西迪奇

你说得对,清真和哈兰的事只是真主阿拉的权威,因为我们不允许做任何清真哈兰的事,我们也不允许任何哈拉姆清真。Allah has created some animals for our food as Allah says in the Qur'an in surat an-Nahl,"And cattle He has created for you.从他们身上,你开的是馄饨,还有许多好处,还有他们的肉,你吃饭。”(16:5-8)

Muslims do recognize animal rights,动物权利意味着我们不应该滥用它们,torture them,当我们不得不用它们做肉的时候,我们应该用锋利的刀杀掉他们,提到安拉的名字。The Prophet (SAAWS) said,"Allah has prescribed goodness (ihsan) in everything.When you sacrifice,牺牲好。让你磨快你的刀,让它更容易被屠宰。”"

所以,穆斯林不是素食主义者。然而,如果有人喜欢吃蔬菜,然后允许他们这样做。Allah has given us permission to eat meat of slaughtered animals,但他并没有强迫我们这么做。

Sheikh M.年代。Al-Munajjid

瓦阿利库姆饰萨拉姆·瓦拉马图拉希·瓦巴拉卡图赫。
(In the Name of Allah,Most Gracious,最仁慈的。)

所有的赞美和感谢都要归功于真主阿拉,愿平安和福祉降在他的使者身上。

Welcome to the fold of Islam!我们祈祷真主保佑你成为一个好穆斯林。至于你的问题,there is nothing wrong with being a vegetarian or not eating animal products,但您需要注意以下几点:

你不应该认为这些东西是哈拉姆(禁止的)。因为全能的真主说:

"哦,你们这些相信的人!不要把好事说成是违法的,which Allah hath made lawful for you,但不要过分,因为真主不爱那些过分的人。”"(Al-Maa'idah: 87)

"Say: who hath forbidden the beautiful (gifts) of Allah,他为仆人生产的,还有这些东西,洁净洁净(他所预备的)作食物吗?Say they are,in the life of this world,for those who believe,(and) purely for them on the Day of Judgment thus do we explain the Signs in detail for those who understand.""(Al-`Araaf: 32)

"说:看哪,真主差遣什么东西给你们作食物?Yet ye hold forbidden some things thereof and (some things) lawful.Say: hath Allah indeed permitted you,or do ye invent (things) to attribute to Allah?""(Yoonus: 59)

人们不应该认为最好不要吃这些食物,这样做会得到回报,或者素食者比不素食者更接近真主阿拉,and so on.不允许这样接近真主阿拉。The Prophet,peace and blessings be upon him,谁是人类中最优秀的人,最接近真主阿拉,用于吃肉、蜂蜜和喝牛奶。When one of his Companions wanted to give up meat,他告诉他这是错误的。Anas Ibn Malikmay Allah be pleased with him,有报道说有一群先知的同伴,愿真主的平安和祝福降临在他身上,其中一个说,"I will never marry women";另一个说,"我不吃肉”;A第三说,"我不会睡在床上”;and a fourth said,"I will fast and never break my fast."When the Messenger of Allah,peace and blessings be upon him,was informed about this,he praised and thanked Allah,then said:

"说这种话的人怎么了?我祈祷我睡眠;I fast and I break my fast;我嫁给女人。凡偏离我的神道的,不属我。"(An-Nasaa'i报道)。

There is a great difference between not eating a certain kind of food because of not liking it,or one has been put off it—for example by seeing an animal slaughtered when one was a child,which may leave the person with a distaste for meat—and other similar reasons,and thinking that meat is Haraam by abstaining from it is an act of worship,作为婆罗门,僧侣和其他人是这样做的。

Once this matter is clear in your mind,there is nothing wrong with not eating food that you do not like.We ask Allah to give you the strength to do good deeds and to protect you from every evil.It is only Allah Who guides to the Straight Path.

(Based on a Fatwa given by Sheikh M.年代。Al-Munajjid,www.伊斯兰教QA.com
-伊斯兰在线法塔瓦委员会
www.IslamOnline.net

伊斯兰关注动物组织的一位成员通过其在线问答部分向几个主要的奥莱玛提出了以下问题:

我皈依伊斯兰教,mash'a allah.I grew up as a vegetarian,我是个运动员,我感到非常健康和强壮。素食是清真的吗??

哈马内伊

"Bismihi Ta`ala

According to Islamic law (shar`) there is no objection to it.然而,eating meat is permissible in Islamic law although eating too much is reprehensible (makruh).Wallahul`Alim.""

纳斯鲁拉

"In the Name of Allah

There is no problem in that.""

Ayatullah Shirazi

"Being vegetarian is OK and halal,and in fact we have hadith in Islam that encourages us to eat less meat.""

Why are you singling out ‘Eid sacrifice?圣诞节和感恩节怎么样??

We fully agree that Christmas,感恩节,而其他非穆斯林的节日则需要牺牲动物,甚至超过任何“开斋节”。The article on our Web site was written by a Muslim to other members of the Ummah to explore animal sacrifice within Islam.我们同样关心非穆斯林节日期间对动物的残忍。

"地球上没有动物,也不是一个展翅飞翔的人,but they form communities like you.Nothing have we omitted from the Book,and they all shall be gathered to their Lord in the end"" -奥古兰,6:38
"凡善待神所造之物的,is kind to himself."" -先知穆罕默德(pbuh)阿布达拉·本·阿姆鲁在布哈里和穆斯林收藏中讲述